Periodontal disease affects the gums and bone that support your teeth. It’s more commonly known as gum disease and is a bacterial infection that, if left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. It often affects several teeth and begins when the bacteria in plaque cause the gums to become inflamed.
Types of Periodontal Disease
The mildest form of gum disease, gingivitis, causes inflammation of the gums. If your gums become red, swollen and start to bleed easily then contact us for an immediate check-up. Most patients first notice signs of gingivitis when brushing their teeth and although poor oral hygiene is a factor, it’s not always the root cause. If caught in the early stages, it can be reversed with professional dental treatment followed by good oral health care.
Untreated gingivitis can lead to other periodontal conditions, including periodontitis. This happens when plaque spreads and grows between the gum line. The plaque bacteria irritate the gums, causing a breakdown of the tissues and bone that support the teeth. The gums then separate from the teeth, forming pockets that become infected. Eventually, the teeth can become loose or wobbly and may have to be removed.